Bharat: The Journey of India’s Name Through Time and Identity

Bharat: The Journey of India’s Name Through Time and Identity
Bharat: The Journey of India’s Name Through Time and Identity

India, a land of diverse cultures, languages, and traditions, is currently immersed in a spirited debate sparked by a seemingly minor alteration. President Droupadi Murmu’s decision to introduce herself as the “President of Bharat” instead of “President of India” in an invitation to a G20 dinner has set the nation abuzz. But what lies beneath this change in nomenclature, and why is it causing such a stir? Let’s embark on a journey through time to unravel the historical roots, origin, and cultural significance of the name “Bharat.”

Historical Significance

The name “Bharat” has deep historical significance, tracing its roots to the Indian epic, the Mahabharata. Here, it refers to the legendary Emperor Bharata, a prominent figure in Indian mythology. This historical reference serves as a testament to the enduring cultural significance of the name.

Moreover, “Bharatavarsha,” named after Bharat Chakravarti, the son of Lord Rishabhdev, is often cited as the historical origin of the name “Bharat.” These references underscore the profound historical and cultural connections associated with the name “Bharat.”

1500 BCE

The name “Bharatavarsha” first appears in the Rig Veda, one of the oldest scriptures of Hinduism. It refers to the land of the Bharatas, a tribe that is believed to have been the ancestors of the modern-day Indians.

600 BCE

The name “Bharata” appears in the Mahabharata, one of the two great epics of India. It refers to the kingdom ruled by King Bharata, a legendary figure who is said to have been the forebear of all Indians.

326 BCE

Alexander the Great invades the Indian subcontinent and encounters the name “Bharatavarsha”. He is the first foreign ruler to use this name to refer to India.

1st century CE

The name “India” begins to appear in Greek and Roman texts. It is derived from the name of the Indus River, which flows through the northwestern part of the Indian subcontinent.

13th century CE

The name “Bharat” begins to be used more widely in India, particularly in the context of Hindu nationalism.


India gains independence from British rule. The Constituent Assembly of India adopts the name “India” as the official name of the country. However, the first article of the constitution also states that “India, that is Bharat, shall be a union of states.”


President Droupadi Murmu introduces herself as the “President of Bharat” in an invitation to a G20 dinner. This sparks a debate about whether India should be renamed “Bharat”.


The debate over the name of India continues, with proponents of renaming the country arguing that it would reflect its cultural and historical roots, while opponents argue that it would be divisive and unnecessary.

Constitutional Perspective

The debate surrounding this name change must be examined through a constitutional lens. Article 1 of the Indian Constitution declares, “India, that is Bharat, shall be a union of states.” This constitutional provision has fueled arguments from the opposition, claiming that renaming the country “Bharat” could be perceived as an attempt to hastily undermine the unity symbolized by “INDIA.” Notably, Article 52 of the Constitution specifically mentions a “President of India,” with no reference to “Bharat.”

A Nation Divided

This naming debate reflects a nation divided. While the ruling party sees adopting the name “Bharat” as a means to reflect the country’s civilizational journey and deep historical roots, the opposition interprets it as an attempt to erode the unity established under the name “INDIA.”

Cultural Significance Across Indian States

The name “Bharat” carries unique significance across various Indian states, each contributing to the nation’s rich tapestry of identity. In the southern states, where languages such as Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, and Malayalam dominate, concerns have arisen about imposing a single language on the entire country. Kerala Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan argues that this move is an attempt to enforce a language, drawing attention to India’s linguistic diversity.

In Conclusion

The debate over renaming India as “Bharat” transcends mere semantics. It delves into history, culture, and politics, unraveling the complexities of a diverse nation. The Constituent Assembly’s choice of “India, that is, Bharat” as the official name of the nation was not a simple decision. It involved intricate debates, historical references, and a desire to embrace India’s rich history and cultural heritage. This choice, made through democratic deliberation, continues to define India’s identity today.

The historical significance of the name “Bharat” cannot be overstated, as it is deeply rooted in India’s cultural and mythological past. The ongoing debate over this name change reflects the nation’s struggle to balance tradition and modernity in an ever-evolving world. As the discussions continue, the question remains: will this symbolic change become a reality, and what impact will it have on the nation’s identity?

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Disclaimer: The information contained in this blog post is for educational purposes only and is not intended to be legal advice. The author does not assume any responsibility or liability for any errors or omissions in the content of this blog post. The information contained in this blog post is not a substitute for legal advice from a qualified attorney. You should consult with an attorney before taking any legal action.

Edukraze Team

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