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Welcome to today’s edition of Daily Current Affairs in Hindi & English. In this PDF for 30th May 2023, you will find a compilation of the most significant news and events from various fields, including politics, sports, entertainment, and more. Stay informed and enhance your knowledge.
Today’s Daily Current Affairs in Hindi & English PDF | 30th May 2023
1.1 Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) Bulletin: Latest Employment and Unemployment Indicators in Urban Areas (Jan-Mar 2023)
The Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) is a survey conducted by the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) to estimate employment and unemployment indicators in both rural and urban areas. The PLFS provides data on key indicators such as Labour Force Participation Rate (LFPR), Worker Population Ratio (WPR), and Unemployment Rate (UR). The survey is conducted quarterly, and the latest bulletin covers the period from January to March 2023. The bulletin presents the LFPR, WPR, and UR for persons aged 15 years and above in urban areas during different survey periods. The findings show slight variations in these indicators over time. The detailed results can be found on the Ministry’s website.
1.2 Kalaburagi Airport Receives Night Landing Approval from DGCA: Enhanced Connectivity and All-Weather Operations
The DGCA has approved night landing at Kalaburagi Airport, Karnataka, which was inaugurated on November 22, 2019. The airport’s Aerodrome License has been amended from VFR to IFR for All Weather Operations. It has connections with Tirupati and Bangalore through Star Air and Alliance Air.
1.3 Kheer Bhawani Mela 2023: A Celebration of Communal Harmony in Kashmir
Kheer Bhawani Mela 2023 celebrated with enthusiasm by Kashmiri Pandits and locals in the Kashmir valley. Union Home Minister Amit Shah congratulates the organizers. Elaborate arrangements were made for devotees’ comfort, including security measures and meal provisions. The Mela concluded peacefully, symbolizing communal harmony in Kashmir.
1.4 Northeast’s First Vande Bharat Express: PM Modi Flags Off Guwahati-New Jalpaiguri Train, Boosting Connectivity and Tourism
PM Narendra Modi flagged off Assam’s first Vande Bharat Express, connecting Guwahati to New Jalpaiguri. The train will reduce travel time to 5 hours, 30 minutes. PM Modi also inaugurated an electrified section and a DEMU/MEMU shed in Assam, emphasizing the government’s commitment to improving rail connectivity in the northeast. Railways Minister Ashwini Vaishnaw mentioned the construction of 1,618 km of railway network and the upgrade of 59 railway stations in the region.
2.1 ICAI Dubai Conclave: Emerging Auditing, Public Policy & Crypto Standards in Dubai
ICAI Dubai organized a conclave on auditing, public policy, and the crypto industry. The event focused on evolving auditing standards and emphasized the importance of staying updated. The conclave discussed international standards like ISQM1 and the need for quality management systems. Legal compliance and the recognition of ICAI qualification were also addressed. The event highlighted the dynamic nature of crypto audits and stressed the importance of maintaining quality and independent evaluation. International standards for quality management were discussed, along with the implementation of VAT in the UAE.
2.2 Indian Army Commemorates 75th Anniversary of UN Peacekeepers Day: A Tribute to Fallen Heroes
Indian Army commemorates 75th anniversary of UN Peacekeepers Day by paying homage at the National War Memorial. India has been a major contributor to UN peacekeeping operations, with 5,900 troops currently deployed. Three Indian peacekeepers were honored with the UN’s Dag Hammarskjold Medal. Over 4,200 peacekeepers have lost their lives since 1948. India has pledged military resources to the UN, and its Centre for UN Peacekeeping trains thousands of troops annually.
2.3 Nepal Approves Second Hydropower Project by India, Boosting Cross-Border Cooperation and Countering China’s Influence
Nepal has approved India’s state-owned company, SJVN, to develop a second hydropower project in the country. The project, called Lower Arun Hydropower, will have a capacity of 669 MW and will be located in eastern Nepal. The approval was given during a meeting chaired by Nepal’s Prime Minister, and the project is expected to contribute to the socio-economic development of the country. This is the third project on the Arun River negotiated through proper channels, and it will collectively generate nearly 2,300 MW of electricity. The project is seen as beneficial for India in terms of hydropower cooperation and countering China’s influence, while also enhancing cross-border power exchanges between the two nations.
2.4 ADB and IMF Collaborate: $350 Million Loan to Stabilize Sri Lanka’s Economy
ADB has approved a $350 million loan for Sri Lanka in collaboration with the IMF to support policy reforms and stabilize the economy. The loan is part of a larger program that aims to provide around $2 billion. Sri Lanka is implementing reforms to address imbalances, improve tax revenue collection, strengthen financial management, and enhance governance frameworks. The loan is a budget support loan and will be repaid through higher growth resulting from the reforms.
2.5 Cambodian King’s Maiden State Visit to India Strengthens Bilateral Ties
Cambodian King Norodom Sihamoni has arrived in India on his first official state visit, accompanied by a high-level delegation. The visit is aimed at strengthening bilateral ties and deepening relations between the two countries. It coincides with the 70th anniversary of diplomatic relations between India and Cambodia. The visit will include meetings with top Indian officials, participation in ceremonial events, and a wreath-laying ceremony at the Mahatma Gandhi Memorial. A state banquet will also be held in honor of the Cambodian King.
2.6 Sharjah Chamber of Commerce and Industry’s Trade Mission Strengthens Economic Cooperation with India
The Sharjah Chamber of Commerce and Industry (SCCI) has organized a trade mission to India with the goal of enhancing economic cooperation and investment opportunities between the two countries. Led by high-profile officials, the delegation will visit Mumbai and New Delhi to establish business forums, promote Sharjah as an attractive investment destination, and encourage Indian businesses to invest in sectors aligned with Sharjah’s economic vision. The trade mission reflects the growing bilateral relations between the UAE and India, facilitated by agreements such as the Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (CEPA), which has increased trade exchange and reduced restrictions. The SCCI aims to strengthen economic ties and support the business community through this mission.
2.7 Union Education Minister Pradhan Explores Skill Development Collaboration in Singapore
Union Education Minister Dharmendra Pradhan is visiting Singapore for three days to explore collaboration in skill development. He held a meeting with the Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Finance of Singapore, Lawrence Wong, to strengthen cooperation in skill development and vocational education. They aim to create opportunities for lifelong learning and build a future-ready workforce. Pradhan will also meet with other key ministers and visit educational institutions during his visit. Earlier, a joint workshop was conducted to create a roadmap for future skill collaboration between India and Singapore.
2.8 Nepal Celebrates 16th Republic Day: A Historic Milestone in Proclamation of the Republic
The 16th Republic Day of Nepal was celebrated with various programs, marking the proclamation of the republican system in 2006. The celebration took place at Tundikhel in Kathmandu, with the participation of President Ramchandra Paudel and a grand turnout of citizens. Political leaders extended their wishes and paid tribute to the martyrs who fought for a republic. The historic establishment of a republic in Nepal occurred on May 28, 2008, following the Comprehensive Peace Accord and the Constituent Assembly election.
2.9 EU Ambassador: Free and Fair Elections in Bangladesh Can Unlock GSP Plus Benefits
Free and fair elections in Bangladesh can lead to GSP plus benefits, says the EU Ambassador. The GSP plus facility offers zero tariffs on exports to European markets. Political freedom and rights are prerequisites for granting GSP plus benefits. The EU will send an observer team to Bangladesh to assess the election environment. The EU focuses on election observation and engaging with political parties. The US and EU have different policies regarding Bangladesh’s visa policy.
2.10 Indian Peacekeepers Honored with UN Medal for Supreme Sacrifice | UN Peacekeeping Recognition
Three Indian peacekeepers, Head Constables Shishupal Singh and Sanwala Ram Vishnoi, were honored posthumously with the Dag Hammarskjöld Medal, the highest honor awarded to UN peacekeepers. They lost their lives while serving in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Another individual, Shaber Taher Ali, was also awarded the medal for his service in Iraq. India has been a major contributor to UN peacekeeping operations, deploying over 275,000 troops, including women peacekeepers, in more than 51 missions. The International Day of UN Peacekeepers is observed annually on May 29.
3.1 Government of India Announces Auction for Sale of Re-issued Government Securities
The Government of India is holding an auction to sell re-issued government securities with different interest rates and maturity dates. The auctions will be conducted by the Reserve Bank of India, and interested parties can submit competitive and non-competitive bids electronically. The results will be announced on June 2, 2023, and successful bidders must make payment by June 5, 2023. The securities will be eligible for “When Issued” trading as per the guidelines issued by the Reserve Bank of India.
3.2 MOIL Achieves Record Manganese Ore Production and Targets Double-Digit Growth
MOIL, the largest producer of manganese ore in India, achieved a record production of 4.02 lakh tonnes in the fourth quarter of FY 2022-23, marking a 7% growth compared to the previous year. This is the second-highest production recorded since the company’s inception. The company aims for double-digit production growth in FY 2023-24. MOIL also reported increased sales and revenue, particularly in electrolytic manganese dioxide (EMD). The company’s capital expenditure reached Rs. 245 crores in FY 2023, equivalent to its net profit. Furthermore, MOIL conducted extensive exploration, leading to enhanced production and potential new manganese mines. The company achieved profits before and after tax of Rs. 334.45 crores and Rs. 250.59 crores, respectively, in FY 2023. MOIL plans to continue its growth trajectory and targets double-digit production growth in the next fiscal year.
3.3 Madhya Pradesh CM Distributes Offer Letters to Youth at Job Fair in Bhopal
Madhya Pradesh Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan distributed offer letters and approval letters to selected applicants at a job fair in Bhopal. The central government and state governments have also been providing appointment letters to unemployed youth. The event also focused on various schemes and benefits for workers. The central government has been taking initiatives for employment generation, and recently, the Prime Minister distributed appointment letters to newly recruited individuals. The government’s efforts in infrastructure projects and initiatives like Skill India, Startup India, and Make in India are contributing to employment generation.
3.4 IPEF Countries, Including India, Strengthen Supply Chains to Enhance Resilience and Reduce Dependence
IPEF countries, including India, have agreed to strengthen supply chains and increase resilience in the face of future crises. The agreement aims to reduce dependence on specific countries and improve logistics and connectivity. The group will establish a supply chain council and crisis response network. The IPEF also focuses on trade, clean energy, and a fair economy. The negotiations aim to enhance investments, promote clean energy technologies, and combat corruption. The supply chain is a complex logistics system that starts with raw materials and ends with finished goods for consumers.
4.1 Important Notification for CBSE Schools: Interaction with Secretary of Education, Govt. of India
CBSE has issued a notification for all affiliated schools about an upcoming interaction with the Secretary of Education, Govt. of India. The interaction will cover important topics such as NEP 2020, NCF-FS, SQAAF, vocational education, ATLs, and RTE Act. Principals and managers are requested to join the livestreamed event on YouTube for insights and clarification.
4.2 Reconstructing Quantum Theory: Mathematical Structure Revealed Through Information Causality
Scientists have reconstructed the mathematical structure of composite quantum systems using the principle of Information Causality. Quantum Mechanics, developed in the early 20th century, is based on abstract mathematical axioms rather than physically motivated postulates. Researchers have used quantum information theory to derive the mathematical structure of quantum theory. The principle of Information Causality selects the quantum composition rule and justifies the mathematical structure of Quantum Theory. This research brings novel physical justification to Quantum Theory.
5.1 ISRO’s GSLV-F12 Launches Navigation Satellite NVS-01 for India’s NavIC System
ISRO’s GSLV-F12 successfully launched the navigation satellite NVS-01 into orbit. The satellite is part of the second-generation navigation satellite series, providing NavIC services and operating in the L1 band. It carries navigation payloads in the L1, L5, and S bands and has an expected mission life of 12 years. The satellite also features an indigenously developed Rubidium atomic clock. NavIC is India’s indigenous satellite navigation system, serving various sectors including navigation, agriculture, fisheries, and mobile services.
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