Today’s Daily Current Affairs in Hindi & English | 9th June 2023

Today’s Daily Current Affairs in Hindi & English PDF | 9th June 2023
Today’s Daily Current Affairs in Hindi & English PDF | 9th June 2023

Get a quick overview of today’s current affairs in Hindi & English PDF. Stay informed with the latest news and events.

Welcome to today’s edition of Daily Current Affairs in Hindi & English. In this PDF, we have curated the most important news and events from various fields to keep you updated and well-informed.

Today’s Daily Current Affairs in Hindi & English PDF | 9th June 2023

1. National

1.1 AIIMS NExT Exam 2023: Fake News Debunked, Official Clarification Issued

The circulating news claiming that AIIMS will conduct the NExT exam in the second half of 2023 is fake. The NMC official clarified that AIIMS will not conduct the exam. Dr. Rohan Krishnan initially supported the news but later confirmed it was false. The NMC denied ownership of the questionable letter. The FORDA also shared a tweet urging NMC to prevent such fake notices. The NExT exam is scheduled for 2024 and AIIMS-Delhi is likely to conduct it. The exam will serve various purposes and preparations are still underway.

1.2 CUET-UG Exam Continues till June 17, Results Expected in July

The CUET-UG will run until June 17, with over 65,000 candidates still needing to take the exam. It is the second extension of the test, which was initially scheduled from May 21 to May 31 and later extended to June 7. Admit cards for June 9 to June 11 have been released, and the NTA will announce dates for additional rounds of the exam. Results are expected in July.

1.3 Indore Gears Up for Final G20 EWG Meeting as India Assumes G20 Presidency

Indore will host the final G20 Employment Working Group (EWG) meeting under India’s G20 Presidency. The city is making arrangements for the event, with MEA officials visiting to oversee preparations. Indore previously successfully hosted the first Agriculture Working Group (AWG) meeting. The third EWG meeting concluded in Geneva, Switzerland, achieving consensus on the priority areas for the EWG under India’s G20 Presidency. These areas include addressing skill gaps, the gig economy, social protection, and sustainable financing.

1.4 Sagar Parikrama Phase VII: Empowering Fishing Communities and Promoting Government Schemes

Sagar Parikrama Phase VII, an initiative by the Indian government, has commenced in Madakkara, Kerala. It aims to uplift the fishing community through schemes like PMMSY and KCC. Dignitaries visited various locations, interacted with beneficiaries, and emphasized the importance of fisheries. The event included the inauguration of the “Sagar Parikrama” song and the distribution of Kisan Credit Cards. The program seeks to empower coastal communities, promote responsible fisheries, and raise awareness about government schemes.

1.5 District Good Governance Index (DGGI) Arunachal Pradesh: Ranking and Highlights of Governance Benchmarking in 25 Districts

The District Good Governance Index (DGGI) of Arunachal Pradesh, developed by DARPG and the government of Arunachal Pradesh, has been released. It benchmarks governance in all 25 districts of Arunachal Pradesh on 65 indicators under 8 sectors. The index aims to promote healthy competition among districts and guide the state government and district administration in addressing gaps and making decisions. The DGGI Arunachal Pradesh was designed through extensive consultations and ranks districts division-wise. It serves as a tool to assess governance and interventions by the central and state governments. Key highlights include improvements in agriculture, self-employment, education, healthcare, and infrastructure. The release of DGGI Arunachal Pradesh follows previous releases for other regions in India.

1.6 Aatmanirbhar Bharat: KVIC’s Remarkable 332% Sales Growth in 9 Years

The Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) achieved a remarkable 332% sales growth in the last 9 years, crossing the turnover of Rs.1.34 lakh crores. KVIC credited this achievement to Mahatma Gandhi’s inspiration and Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s support. The production of KVI products increased by 268%, and sales reached a record high. Khadi fabrics also experienced significant growth in production and sales. KVIC created 9,54,899 new jobs in rural areas and increased wages for Khadi artisans. Various programs and schemes contributed to the success, including PMEGP and Gramodyog Vikas Yojana.

1.7 Fast-tracking Approval: CEA Accelerates Pumped Storage Projects for India’s Renewable Energy Growth

The Central Electricity Authority (CEA) has accelerated the approval process for Pumped Storage Projects (PSPs) in India. The Upper Sileru Pumped Storage Project in Andhra Pradesh was approved in a record time of 70 days. The CEA has implemented a revamped process for approving Detailed Project Reports (DPRs) and established a Single Window Clearance Cell. The Central Water Commission and Geological Survey of India have designated nodal officers to expedite design and geological clearances.

The Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change has agreed to appraise certain PSPs with specific terms of reference, reducing the time for environmental clearances. The CEA has also published revised guidelines, reducing the timeline for DPR concurrence. PSPs are crucial for achieving India’s renewable energy targets and integrating intermittent renewable energy with the grid. They utilize surplus power to pump water from lower to upper reservoirs, reproducing power during peak demand.

1.8 IICA and NALSAR Launch LL.M in Insolvency and Bankruptcy Laws: A New Program in India

The Indian Institute of Corporate Affairs (IICA) and NALSAR University of Law have launched a new LL.M program in Insolvency and Bankruptcy Laws in New Delhi. The program aims to produce professionals, academicians, and researchers in the field of insolvency. It is a two-year full-time residential course with 51 credits spread over four semesters. The course will be divided between the two campuses and will include internships. The registration process starts on June 8, 2023, and classes will begin on October 5, 2023, at the NALSAR campus. The selection process will be based on CLAT scores and a written examination cum interview.

1.9 India-Germany Sign MoU for Submarine Production Cooperation

Indian company Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited and German firm Thyssen Krupp Marine Systems (TKMS) have signed a non-binding MoU for cooperation in submarine production. The collaboration aims to participate in a bid to build six diesel-electric submarines for the Indian navy. TKMS will handle engineering, design, and consultancy support, while Mazagon Dock will be responsible for construction and delivery. The project, known as ‘Project-75 India,’ has multiple contenders, including Navantia and Daewoo. The submarines will be equipped with land-attack cruise missiles and air-independent propulsion. The contract is expected to take around ten years for the first submarine to be completed.

1.10 Union Cabinet Approves Rs 89,047 Cr for BSNL’s 4G and 5G Spectrum: Boosting Connectivity in India

Union Cabinet approves Rs 89,047 crore for BSNL’s 4G and 5G spectrum. The package includes premium wireless frequencies and aims to improve connectivity in remote areas. BSNL’s authorized capital will be increased, and it will become a stable telecom service provider. This is the third revival package for BSNL, following previous ones in 2019 and 2022. The company has started earning profits and reducing its debt.

2. Internatioinal

2.1 India and New Zealand Strengthen Economic Relations: Joint Meeting Highlights Cooperation in UPI, Carbon Credit, Kiwi Fruits, and More

India and New Zealand held their first Round Table Joint Meeting, focusing on enhancing economic relations. They discussed areas of cooperation such as the UPI system, carbon credit, Kiwi fruit packages, trans-shipment hub, technological collaboration, work visa cooperation, and banking relations. Both sides recognized the potential in their partnership and explored opportunities beyond free trade agreements. The meeting emphasized the need for structured dialogue and government-industry interactions to achieve mutual benefits.

2.2 India, France, and UAE Commence Maiden Maritime Partnership Exercise in Gulf of Oman

India, France, and UAE have started their first maritime partnership exercise in the Gulf of Oman. The exercise involves naval operations like surface warfare, missile engagements, and boarding operations. Its purpose is to improve cooperation, address threats, and ensure safety in maritime trade and navigation.

2.3 India and Serbia Target 1 Billion Euro Bilateral Trade by 2030: President Murmu’s Successful State Visit

India and Serbia aim to increase bilateral trade from 320 million euros to one billion euros by the end of the decade. During President Droupadi Murmu’s visit to Serbia, both leaders expressed their commitment to strengthening relations and expanding cooperation in various areas. President Vucic also pledged to simplify visa procedures for Indians and expressed hope for the establishment of direct flights between the two countries. A business delegation from India also held talks with their Serbian counterparts. President Murmu concluded her visit after paying respects at the monument of unknown heroes and receiving ceremonial honors.

3. Business

3.1 RBI Keeps Repo Rate Unchanged at 6.5% as Indian Economy Remains Strong and Resilient

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has kept the repo rate unchanged at 6.5%. The Indian economy is strong and resilient, with improving macroeconomic fundamentals, moderate inflation, and a narrowed current account deficit. The RBI remains cautious about geopolitical conflicts and global policy normalization. Financial stability concerns persist in advanced economies, but the Indian banking system is stable, credit growth is robust, and domestic financial markets are orderly.

The MPC focused on withdrawing accommodation to align inflation with the target while supporting growth. Consumer price inflation has eased, but vigilance is necessary. Real GDP growth in 2022-23 exceeded expectations, and domestic demand conditions support growth. Headline CPI inflation has decreased, driven by monetary policy tightening and supply-side measures.

3.2 Union Textiles Minister Approves 20 R&D Projects in Technical Textiles for Innovation and Growth

Union Textiles Minister, Shri Piyush Goyal, emphasized the importance of international benchmarking, industry consultations, and demand assessment to identify valuable and high-volume technical textile products in India. During the 6th meeting of the National Technical Textiles Mission, the Ministry of Textiles approved 20 research and development projects in various segments such as Geotech, Protech, Indutech, Sustainable Textiles, Sportech, Buildtech, and Specialty Fibres.

The Minister highlighted the need for exploring the use of lightweight technical textiles in sectors like automobile, aviation, infrastructure, and medicine. Collaboration between different ministries and private engineering colleges was encouraged to promote research and innovation. The Minister also reviewed the progress of promotion and market development activities under the mission. Inter-ministerial exercises were conducted to mandate the adoption of different technical textile items, and meetings were held with the Ministry of Railways and Ministry of Defence to enhance their usage. The meeting was attended by officials from various ministries and industry representatives.

3.3 Railways Earns Rs 14,642 Crores in Freight Loading, Showing 4% Increase in May 2023

Railways earned Rs 14,642 Crores from freight loading in May 2023, showing a 4% increase compared to last year. They achieved a freight loading of 134 MT, a 2% improvement over the previous year. In April-May 2023, they loaded 260.28 MT of freight, a 3% improvement. The railways focused on customer satisfaction and business development to achieve these results.

3.4 Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs has amended the exchange rate for Turkish Lira, setting the rate of exchange at 3.85 for imported goods and 3.60 for export goods, effective from 8th June 2023.

3.5 Coal Ministry Issues Vesting Orders for 22 Coal Mines, Generating Revenue and Employment Opportunities

Coal Ministry issues Vesting Orders for 22 coal mines, totaling 6,379.78 million tonnes of reserves. These mines are expected to generate annual revenue of Rs. 9,831 crores and provide employment to 71,467 people. So far, the Ministry has issued vesting orders for a total of 73 coal mines, generating revenue of Rs. 23,097.64 crores and creating employment for 2,01,847 people.

3.6 Centre to Develop 5 Himachal Villages under Vibrant Villages Programme

The Centre plans to develop five villages in Himachal Pradesh, including Chhitkul, Pooh, Nako, Leo, and Chango, under the ‘Vibrant Villages Programme.’ Union Minister RK Singh made the announcement during his visit to Chhitkul village, stating that a Central PSU will adopt Chhitkul and support the state government in its development.

4. Sports

4.1 French Open 2023: Alcaraz vs. Djokovic and Ruud vs. Zverev in Men’s Singles Semi-Finals, Swiatek Advances to Women’s Final

French Open 2023: Alcaraz vs. Djokovic and Ruud vs. Zverev in Men’s Singles semi-finals. Swiatek advances to women’s singles final against Muchova. Karolina shocks Sabalenka to reach her first Grand Slam final. Kato and Puetz win mixed doubles title. Kato and Sutjiadi disqualified from women’s doubles for hitting ball girl.

4.2 India’s Junior Women’s Hockey Team Storms into Semi-Finals of Women’s Junior Asia Cup 2023 with Commanding 11-0 Victory

India’s Junior Women’s Hockey Team secured a spot in the semi-finals of the Women’s Junior Asia Cup 2023 by defeating Chinese Taipei 11-0. They finished at the top of Pool A, remaining unbeaten throughout the tournament. India’s forwards displayed dominance and scored consistently throughout the match, ensuring a comfortable victory. In the semi-finals, they will face either Japan or Kazakhstan.

4.3 India Bounces Back with a 3-0 Victory over Argentina in FIH Pro League.

India rebounded from their previous loss against the Netherlands by defeating Argentina 3-0 in a FIH Pro League match. Harmanpreet Singh, the captain, scored a penalty corner in the 33rd minute.

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5. Health

5.1 State Food Safety Index (SFSI) Reveals Rankings and Initiatives: Training 25 Lakh Food Operators and Setting Up 100 Food Streets

The 5th State Food Safety Index (SFSI) has been launched to evaluate food safety performance. Kerala, Goa, and Jammu and Kashmir ranked highest. Districts in Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, and Maharashtra excelled in the Eat Right Challenge. The FSSAI plans to train 25 lakh food business operators and establish 100 Food Streets. Initiatives like the RAFT portal and manuals were introduced to enhance food safety practices.

5.2 Revolutionary Breath Analysis: Non-invasive Diagnosis for Peptic Ulcer & Gastric Conditions

Breath patterns can be used to diagnose peptic ulcer and determine the stage of the disease. A non-invasive method has been developed to recognize breath patterns and diagnose various gastric disorders. This breakthrough can greatly benefit individuals suffering from these health issues. Traditional endoscopic procedures are not effective for early detection and screening of peptic ulcer and other gastric complications. Researchers have used pattern-recognition and machine learning to distinguish breath patterns of individuals with gastric conditions from healthy individuals. The breath patterns are independent of factors like age, sex, and lifestyle. This non-invasive approach can lead to early detection and classification of gastric complications. A prototype device called “Pyro-Breath” has been developed and may be commercialized in the future. This technology could enable population screening for various gastric conditions in different age groups.

6. Science

6.1 India’s First Dimethyl Ether (DME)-Fuelled Tractor: A Breakthrough in Clean Fuel Applications

India has developed its first Dimethyl Ether (DME)-fuelled tractor, marking a breakthrough in clean fuel applications. DME is a renewable alternative to crude oil, and its use in IC engines is unexplored in India. Researchers at IIT Kanpur developed a 100% DME-fuelled engine with higher efficiency and lower emissions compared to diesel engines. The engine emitted low particulate and soot emissions without expensive exhaust treatment devices. This development aligns with India’s renewable energy goals and can reduce oil imports and greenhouse gas emissions. The engine design overcame challenges related to DME’s properties, and the prototype was successfully tested and installed in a tractor by TAFE TMTL. The DME tractor offers a cost-effective and environmentally friendly solution for agricultural applications with improved air quality.

6.2 Planetary-scale Atmospheric Waves: Impact on Ionosphere & Satellite Communication

Large-scale atmospheric waves can have a broad impact on the ionosphere, affecting satellite communication. Even without geomagnetic storms, these waves can cause significant variability in the mesosphere and ionosphere. Scientists have studied a specific planetary-scale wave and found that it mirrors its disturbance across both regions. The wave’s characteristics observed in the mesosphere and ionosphere indicate its uninterrupted propagation. This research helps understand the sources of space weather and day-to-day variations in satellite signals.

6.3 India’s Agni Prime Ballistic Missile Successfully Flight-Tested: A Milestone Achievement in Defence Sector

India’s new generation ballistic missile, Agni Prime, was successfully flight-tested by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO). The test, which marked the first pre-induction night launch after three successful developmental trials, validated the system’s accuracy and reliability. Range instrumentation systems were deployed to capture flight data. Senior officials witnessed the test, and the success paves the way for the missile’s induction into the Armed Forces. Defence Minister Rajnath Singh congratulated DRDO and the Armed Forces, while DRDO Chairman Dr Samir V Kamat appreciated the teams involved in the launch.

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