CBSE Encourages Multilingual Education in Schools: Benefits, Challenges, and How to Support It

  • Post author:
  • Post published:22 July 2023
  • Post category:School
  • Post comments:0 Comments
  • Post last modified:22 July 2023
  • Reading time:7 mins read
CBSE Encourages Multilingual Education in Schools: Benefits, Challenges, and How to Support It
CBSE Encourages Multilingual Education in Schools: Benefits, Challenges, and How to Support It

Explore the significance of multilingual education in India’s CBSE schools, its potential benefits, and challenges. Discover how the Ministry of Education and NCERT promote linguistic diversity, and the role of higher education in supporting this transformative initiative.

In a diverse country like India, where linguistic and cultural richness is abundant, the significance of multilingual education cannot be overstated. The National Education Policy 2020 recognizes the numerous cognitive benefits of learning multiple languages from an early age, with a specific emphasis on using the mother tongue as the medium of instruction. To promote linguistic diversity, cultural understanding, and academic excellence among students, the Ministry of Education, Government of India has taken significant strides in facilitating education through Indian languages.

In this regard, the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) affiliated schools have been called upon to play a pivotal role in embracing multilingual education. This article explores the notification or circular issued by the Ministry of Education and highlights the potential benefits and challenges of implementing mother tongue as a medium of instruction in CBSE schools.

The Power of Multilingual Education

Multilingual education has emerged as an effective approach to nurture a child’s cognitive development and language skills. Research indicates that learning in one’s mother tongue enhances comprehension, critical thinking, and problem-solving abilities. By introducing multiple languages in the foundational stages, students can better grasp concepts, bridge cultural gaps, and develop a strong sense of identity and belonging. The NEP 2020 recognizes these advantages and encourages CBSE schools to adopt multilingual education strategies to facilitate better learning outcomes.

Challenges in Implementing Multilingual Education

While the benefits of multilingual education are undeniable, its successful implementation presents some challenges. One significant hurdle is the availability of qualified teachers capable of instructing in a multilingual environment. Training teachers to effectively deliver lessons in different languages is crucial to the success of this approach. Additionally, developing high-quality multilingual textbooks tailored to the diverse linguistic needs of students requires careful planning and investment.

Time constraints pose another challenge, especially in government schools with two-shift systems. Incorporating multilingual education necessitates allocating additional instructional time to each language, which can be challenging within the existing framework. Despite these challenges, the Ministry of Education is taking proactive steps to address these issues and promote multilingual education.

NCERT’s Role in Promoting Multilingual Education

To foster education through Indian language mediums, the Ministry of Education has directed the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) to prepare new textbooks in 22 scheduled Indian languages. This monumental task is a crucial step in making quality textbooks available to students across the nation. With textbooks being made accessible in multiple languages, students can now learn in their mother tongue or regional language, fostering a deeper understanding of concepts and boosting academic performance.

Higher Education’s Response and CBSE Schools’ Role

Higher education institutions have also acknowledged the significance of promoting Indian languages as a medium of instruction. Textbooks in various disciplines, such as technical education, medical education, vocational education, skill education, and law education, are now being developed in Indian languages. This paradigm shift in higher education highlights the need for continuity from school education to higher education.

As the foundation of the education system, CBSE schools must actively participate in this endeavor. The notification encourages CBSE-affiliated schools to explore the option of using Indian languages as the medium of instruction from the Foundational Stage (pre-primary classes) to the end of the Secondary Stage (Class XII). While this is an optional medium alongside existing choices, schools are urged to consider this path to enrich the linguistic and cultural experience of their students.


Embracing multilingual education and utilizing the mother tongue as a medium of instruction is a progressive step towards nurturing linguistic diversity and cultural understanding in CBSE schools. By following the Ministry of Education’s directive and collaborating with experts in the field, schools can overcome the challenges and make multilingual education a reality. Providing students with the opportunity to learn in their mother tongue empowers them to thrive academically and fosters a deeper connection to their roots. As CBSE schools take the lead in this initiative, they contribute to building a more inclusive and enriched educational landscape for India’s future generations.

Stay Updated | CBSE Encourages Multilingual Education in Schools

Leave a Reply