Latest Current Affairs in Hindi/English | 24th May 2023

You are currently viewing Latest Current Affairs in Hindi/English | 24th May 2023
Latest Current Affairs in Hindi/English | 24th May 2023

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In today’s fast-paced world, staying updated with current affairs is crucial. Whether it’s political happenings, technological advancements, or global events, being well-informed allows you to make informed decisions. This article aims to provide you with a comprehensive source of current affairs in Hindi, offering a convenient way to access the latest news and developments.

1. National

1.1 Indian Railways Hands Over 20 Broad Gauge Locomotives to Bangladesh, Strengthening Bilateral Relations

Indian Railways has handed over 20 Broad Gauge locomotives to Bangladesh in a ceremony attended by officials from both countries. The locomotives, provided as grant assistance from India, will help meet the growing demand for passenger and freight train operations in Bangladesh. This initiative strengthens the bilateral relationship between the two countries, and further cross-border rail connectivities are under construction. The trade between India and Bangladesh via rail has been consistently growing, with the interchange of cargo trains and various export commodities. This collaboration aims to improve rail services and enhance people-to-people contact between the two nations.

1.2 MoS Rajeev Chandrasekhar’s Digital India Dialogues: Exploring the Principles of the Digital India Act

MoS Rajeev Chandrasekhar organized Digital India Dialogues in Mumbai to discuss the Principles of the Digital India Act. The Act aims to replace the current IT Act, providing a legal framework to protect digital citizens’ rights and promote innovation. Safety, trust, and addressing online harm are key focuses of the Act. The proposed law will be part of India’s global cyber law framework, along with other policies and guidelines. The session involved various stakeholders from the technology sector, following the consultative approach of Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

1.3 UPSC Civil Services Exam 2022 Results: Women Candidates Claim Top 4 Ranks

Women candidates secure top 4 ranks in the UPSC Civil Services Exam 2022. The top rank goes to Ishita Kishore, followed by Garima Lohia, Uma Harathi N., and Smriti Mishra. A total of 933 candidates have been recommended for prestigious government positions. The exam was challenging, with over 11 lakh candidates applying. Prime Minister Narendra Modi congratulates the successful candidates and encourages those who didn’t make it to explore other opportunities.

1.4 India Boosts Connectivity with Bangladesh: 20 Broad Gauge Locomotives Handed Over

India has handed over 20 Broad Gauge Locomotives to Bangladesh in a move to improve passenger and freight connectivity between the two countries. The locomotives were delivered as part of the grant assistance from the Indian government and fulfill a commitment made during Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina’s visit to India in 2019. The Indian Railways are actively working on improving and strengthening rail connectivity between the two countries, with several connectivity routes already operational and more under progress. The trade between India and Bangladesh via rail has seen consistent growth, with a significant amount of cargo being exchanged.

1.5 India’s Domestic Airlines Achieve Remarkable 42.85% Passenger Growth: Aviation Sector Soars to New Heights

India’s domestic airlines have experienced a significant increase in passenger numbers, with a growth rate of 42.85% compared to the previous year. This growth reflects the positive trajectory of the aviation sector and the increasing demand for air travel. The industry has focused on improving connectivity and creating convenient travel options. Despite challenges posed by the COVID-19 outbreak, the cancellation rate and complaints remained impressively low. The Ministry of Civil Aviation and airlines have worked diligently to ensure operational efficiency and a seamless travel experience. The Union Minister of Civil Aviation and Steel expressed satisfaction with the industry’s growth and emphasized the government’s commitment to supporting the aviation sector’s development.

1.6 G20 Trade & Investment Working Group Meet in Bengaluru: Focus on Technology-driven Trade Reforms

G20’s second Trade & Investment Working Group Meet in Bengaluru will focus on technology-driven trade reforms. Over 100 delegates from G20 member countries and international organizations will discuss topics like multilateral trading system reform, integrating MSMEs in global trade, maximizing trade benefits, and improving trade logistics. The World Trade Organization (WTO) reform will be a priority, and there will be a seminar on trade and technology. Presentations will cover achievements in digitalizing paper documents and developing action plans for various initiatives. These deliverables are the outcome of the previous meeting in Mumbai.

1.7 International Conference on Chemicals and Petrochemicals: Promoting Sustainability and Economic Growth

MoS Bhagwanth Khuba will inaugurate the International Conference on Chemicals and Petrochemicals in New Delhi. The conference, organized by the Department of Chemicals and Petrochemicals in collaboration with the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII), aims to promote sustainability and discuss issues faced by the industry. Over 500 delegates from various countries, including G20 members, will participate in the event. The conference will focus on decarbonization, circular economy, biodiversity, and water conservation. The Chemicals & Petrochemical industry is crucial for India’s economic development, and the conference will explore opportunities for growth.

1.8 4th National Water Awards: Recognizing Excellence in Water Conservation & Management

The 4th National Water Awards will be held on June 17, 2023, organized by the Department of Water Resources, River Development, and Ganga Rejuvenation. The ceremony will recognize winners in various categories and provide cash prizes. The event aims to promote water conservation and management and raise awareness about the importance of water. Multiple stakeholders and dignitaries are expected to participate. This is the fourth edition of the awards, with previous editions held in 2019 and 2020.

1.9 Home Minister Amit Shah Announces Electronic Census Linked with Voters’ List for Comprehensive Development

Home Minister Amit Shah announced that the census will be conducted electronically and linked with the voters’ list. The new system will allow individuals to fill out their data, which will be audited and include socio-economic parameters. The government aims to create a system where the Election Commission automatically obtains information for voter cards when a person turns 18 or removes a deceased person from the voter list. Census data provides valuable information for policymakers and development planners, and the online availability of data will benefit researchers. The Minister emphasized the importance of the upgraded SRS mobile application with geofencing for accountability. Development planning should be data-driven, and census data helps in formulating policies for various sectors.

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2. International

2.1 Indian Handicrafts Shine at INDEX 2023 in Dubai World Trade Center: A Showcase of Creativity and Craftsmanship

Indian Handicrafts are stealing the spotlight at the INDEX 2023 exhibition in Dubai. The India Pavilion, organized by various councils, features 29 exporters showcasing a wide range of products in home decor, fashion, lifestyle, furniture, and textiles. The Export Promotion Council for Handicrafts (EPCH) plays a crucial role in promoting Indian handicrafts globally, connecting international buyers with Indian artisans. The presence of Indian Handicrafts at INDEX 2023 highlights their significance and attracts attention from businesses worldwide. The exhibition concludes on May 25th.

2.2 Bangladesh to Bolster Border Security Against Drugs and Terror Groups from Myanmar

Bangladesh plans to strengthen security on its border with Myanmar to prevent the entry of drugs and the movement of terror groups. The government will increase patrolling, intelligence surveillance, and the number of check-posts. There will also be a crackdown on crime in Rohingya camps, with efforts to recover drugs and weapons. The Border Guards Bangladesh (BGB) will be reinforced to stop infiltration from Myanmar.

2.3 UK Implements Restrictions on Family Migration for International Students

Britain plans to limit the migration of family members of international students as part of its efforts to reduce overall net migration. Prime Minister Rishi Sunak aims to decrease legal migration and is considering various options. The new measures will mainly affect postgraduate students, excluding those on research programs, to prevent student visas from being misused as a means to find work in the country. The government has witnessed a significant increase in the number of student dependents entering the country. These changes will take effect in January. Additionally, international students will no longer be able to switch from the student route to work routes before completing their studies.

2.4 Bangladesh Receives 20 Broad Gauge Locomotives from India, Boosting Railway Capacity and Efficiency

Bangladesh has received 20 broad gauge locomotives from India, fulfilling a commitment made during Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina’s visit to India. The locomotives will enhance Bangladesh Railway’s capacity and efficiency in handling passenger and freight train operations. The handover took place at the Darshana-Gede Interchange point and was virtually flagged off by the Minister of Railways of India. The Railway Ministers of both countries emphasized the importance of rail connectivity for bilateral trade and expressed their commitment to further collaboration in the railway sector. Various rail lines are already operational between the two countries, and additional cross-border rail projects are underway. The Indian government also offered to share its experience with electrification of the railway network with Bangladesh. The bilateral development partnership between India and Bangladesh includes railway sector projects worth over USD 1.69 billion. The locomotives will contribute to improving goods and passenger train services in Bangladesh.

2.5 PM Modi Boosts India-Australia Ties: Meets Prominent CEOs and Personalities in Sydney

PM Modi visited Sydney as part of his official trip to Australia, where he met with prominent Australian CEOs and discussed various sectors of cooperation between the two countries, such as renewable energy, investment, and mining. He also had separate meetings with Australian personalities to strengthen India-Australia relations. This visit marks PM Modi’s second trip to Australia, and he is scheduled to have bilateral meetings with the Australian PM and the Governor General.

2.6 IMF Acknowledges Positive Macroeconomic Developments in Sri Lanka: Visit Concludes

IMF officials visited Sri Lanka and acknowledged positive macroeconomic developments, including moderate inflation, stabilized exchange rate, and increased forex reserves. The government’s commitment to meeting IMF program targets was appreciated. Debt restructuring negotiations are ongoing, and timely agreements are crucial for debt sustainability. The IMF team engaged with various stakeholders, emphasizing the need for continued reforms and timely program implementation. In March, the IMF approved a 3 billion dollar financing package for Sri Lanka.

2.7 Sri Lanka’s Inflation Eases to 33.6% in April 2023: Economic Crisis and Lowered Food Prices

In April 2023, Sri Lanka’s inflation rate decreased to 33.6% from the previous month’s 49.2%. The drop is attributed to lower food prices and the appreciation of the rupee against the dollar. Sri Lanka has been facing its worst financial crisis in decades due to economic mismanagement and the impact of COVID-19.

2.8 India-US Working Group Boosts Education & Skill Development Collaboration

India and the US have launched the India-US Working Group on education and skill development to enhance collaboration in these areas. The working group aims to foster academic and cultural exchange, improve educational quality, promote innovation and knowledge-sharing, and address skills gaps. They discussed various topics such as vocational education, industry alignment, certification, and recognition mechanisms. The collaboration includes student and faculty exchanges, joint research programs, and collaborative projects between universities and colleges. The importance of engagement with the private sector and public-private partnerships was also acknowledged. Both sides emphasized the need for visa facilitation and expressed their commitment to strengthening cooperation in education and skill development.

2.9 Qatar Economic Forum 2023: Global Business Leaders Convene in Doha for Third Edition

The Qatar Economic Forum, powered by Bloomberg, will convene global business leaders in Doha for its third edition from May 23-25, 2023. The event aims to explore advancements in finance, energy, healthcare, and technology, and their impact on future growth. Over 1,000 business leaders will participate, including government officials, CEOs, investors, and influential figures from various fields.

3. Business

3.1 No Documents Required: PNB Allows Exchange of Rs 2,000 Notes, RBI Halts Printing

PNB follows SBI in allowing exchange of Rs 2,000 notes without documents. RBI stopped printing Rs 2,000 notes in 2018-19 after achieving its objective. PNB issues guidelines for exchanging notes after viral form seeking personal information. No Aadhaar card or form required. RBI withdraws Rs 2,000 notes from circulation, advises banks to stop issuing them.

3.2 Big Move: Centre Offers 30% Financial Support to Promote Green Shipping and Port Digitization

Centre to provide 30% financial support for promoting green shipping, announced during the Ministry of Ports, Shipping and Waterways’ second Chintan Shivir. Other announcements include procurement of tugs, development of green hydrogen hubs, establishment of a single-window portal for cruises, and plans to transform ports into smart ports. The recently launched Harit Sagar Guidelines aim to achieve zero waste discharge and promote environmental monitoring in port operations. Indian ports are actively adopting green initiatives and generating more renewable energy than their demand.

3.3 Role of Rural Communities in Combating Climate Change: Insights from G20 Meeting

G20 countries need to collectively address climate change and biodiversity loss. Union Minister Kapil Moreshwar Patil emphasized the importance of involving rural communities in protecting the environment. The impacts of climate change pose challenges to rural livelihoods, and it is crucial to raise awareness about the catastrophic consequences. India, known for its sustainable practices, promotes renewable energy projects and engages rural communities in environmental activities. The Ministry of Panchayati Raj is leading the localization of sustainable development goals.

4. Sports

4.1 Kabaddi Kicks off Khelo India University Games 2022 in Uttar Pradesh at Gautam Buddha Nagar

Kabaddi marked the beginning of the Khelo India University Games 2022 Uttar Pradesh (KIUG22UP) at Gautam Buddha Nagar. Over 4000 athletes from 200 universities participated in the games. The opening day featured a cultural program and was attended by various dignitaries and athletes. Four Kabaddi games took place, with ABVVU losing to Chaudhary Ranbir Singh University, Jind. HP University defeated HCY University, Durg in the women’s category. Adamas University Kolkata faced injuries and lost to Guru Kashi University, Talwandi Sabo in the men’s category. Kota University emerged victorious against SRM University, Chennai. The second day will witness Basketball and continued Kabaddi competitions. Other sports will begin in Lucknow.

4.2 Khelo India University Games 2022: Table Tennis Championships Set for Intense East vs. West Showdown

The Khelo India University Games have revived sports in colleges and universities, boosting morale among athletes. The table tennis events in the upcoming games will see strong competition, with dominant teams from the East in the men’s category and a mix of universities from different regions in the women’s category. The teams will compete in group stages followed by knockout rounds, leading to the quarterfinals, semifinals, and finals. The games will take place in Uttar Pradesh across four cities.

4.3 Asmita Dey: From Bicycle Mechanic’s Daughter to Aspiring Olympic Judoka

Asmita Dey, the daughter of a bicycle mechanic from Tripura, is pursuing her dreams as a judoka. Currently training at the SAI Regional Center in Bhopal, she aims to win a medal for India in the Olympics. Asmita has already achieved success in previous competitions, including winning a gold medal at the Khelo India University Games. She credits the Khelo India Games for providing her with opportunities and praises the facilities at the Bhopal SAI Center. Asmita draws inspiration from Indian judoka Avtar Singh and Japanese judo star Uta Abe.

4.4 Indian Athlete Neeraj Chopra Makes History as World Number One in Javelin Throw Rankings

Indian athlete Neeraj Chopra has become the first Indian track and field athlete to be ranked world number one in javelin throw. He surpassed Anderson Peter of Grenada and secured the top spot with 1,455 points. This achievement is seen as a boost for Chopra, who is preparing for the 2023 athletic season. Twitter users and the Athletics Federation of India celebrated his success, recognizing his remarkable feat.

5. Sci-Tech

5.1 Digital India Act: Protecting Rights of Digital Citizens & Promoting Innovation

The Digital India Act aims to replace the existing IT Act and provide a strong legal framework to protect the rights of digital citizens while promoting innovation. It addresses the need for specialized mechanisms to handle online offenses and includes global standard cyber laws. India, as the world’s largest digitally connected democracy, has seen significant growth in digital technologies but lacks provisions for user rights and safety in the current IT Act. The act seeks to address these challenges and shape future technologies.

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